Lately, there has been rapid advancement in electrical vehicle technology. These vehicles will soon become a viable alternative to cars that run on fossil-based fuels. The reasons behind this phenomenon are that as the cost of production reduces, the range of electrical vehicles or EVs is increasing, and there is a widening choice for customers on a yearly basis.
Among the major EV manufacturers are Tesla, Volvo, Audi, BMW, Mitsubishi, Nissan and Volkswagen. In addition, there are major developments that will be utilized in the near future. These include:
â€¢ Metal or Air batteries that utilize the chemical reaction between metals and chemicals like aluminum and zinc to increase the range of EVs.
â€¢ Change in the political climate, for example, in the United Kingdom the government has purchased over one hundred vehicles. This will encourage other arms of government to go the EV way.
â€¢ Companies like Volkswagen are pondering the use of technology that employs energy storage. This has the potential to increase EV range to over 640 km.
â€¢ Companies like Apple, whose traditional business lies in mobile device technology, are venturing into the EV industry. This could change the landscape in the EV sector.
â€¢ Brainwave technology is currently under development and will possibly be employed in EVs soon.
â€¢ Affordable long-range electrical vehicles have entered production includingÂ the Chevrolet Volt that is capable of running for over 320 km in between battery charging. It runs solely on electrical energy as well.
â€¢ The EV market could be opened up further through the use of self-driving cars courtesy of companies like Google. This will have a major impact on traditional ownership vehicles through the use of hi-tech software.
â€¢ Atomic batteries are now under development. Such batteries can last for as long as thirty years and do not need to be recharged.
â€¢ Zero emissions ensure that EVs will become the vehicles of choice once the necessary infrastructure for green electricity is established.
There are certain advantages associated with the use of EVs. These include quietness of the engineÂ andÂ much lower running costs because there is no combustion involved when the vehicle is in motion. There is much less energy wasted in electrical vehicles, where only 15% of the energy is utilized in petrol vehicles. You can recharge the batteries of an EV conveniently from the comfort of your own home instead of queuing at a petrol station located some distance from your house. Finally, there is no emission of exhaust fumes that contribute a great deal to environmental degradation.
On the other hand, EVs do have their shortcomings such as the price to purchase one. They are still rather expensive. You also need a couple of hours to get the battery fully recharged. At the moment, the EVs have a limited range and this is a concern for drivers that need to travel long distances in between charges. The batteries are expensive and require replacement after five to ten years. As a final point, the design of EVs is still limited in scope.